When we talk about cannabinoids, the compounds that come to mind are THC and CBD. This is due to their popularity due to their various health benefits and lack of side effects along with various psychotropic elements. However, there is much more to cannabinoids than the two most popular compounds.
What are Cannabinoids?
The diverse class of synthetic and naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis or hemp plants is known as Cannabinoids. In addition, phytocannabinoids like THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, Cannabidiol, or CBD, and other types of cannabinoids, are present in the plant extracts.
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Various endogenous cannabinoids, like anandamide, known as endocannabinoids, are also present in the plant extracts
The function of the cannabinoids
The Phytocannabinoids present in the compound is secondary metabolites produced by fungi, plants, and bacteria. In plants, this plays an important role as a self-defense mechanism against herbivores. However, the primary metabolites are key to survival, but the secondary metabolites are the one that contains the key to various health benefits to the one consumed.
The Phytocannabinoids in the compound reacts with the endocannabinoid system of the brain. This system is responsible for keeping the body in equilibrium balance by regulating various bodily processes. These bodily processes including regulating mood, memory, sleep, immune response as well as inflammation.
Types of cannabinoids other than CBD and THC
The most well-known and most popularized types of cannabinoids are THC and CBD. Nowadays, people are preferring the best quality products that are why an online brand like Green Roads is getting popular due to the large variety of CBD products at a very affordable price. However, other various types of cannabinoids are extracted from the leaves of the tropical plant. These cannabinoids can be listed below:
● Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid or THCA:
This is the precursor of the popular cannabinoid THC and is high in concentration in the cannabis flower. When this substance is heated or heat is applied n this substance, THCA becomes decarboxylated, creating the psychotropic elements of THC. However, THCA is not intoxicating but is reported to treat nausea and its effects.
● Cannabidiolic Acid or CBDA:
This is chemically the same type of compound as the one just described. This is the predecessor of cannabidiols of CBD that decarboxylates if heated. This has shown aggressive reactions against breast cancer.
● Cannabinol or CBN:
This compound is often found in older cannabis or hemp plant and is found when THC degrades. It is said to have properties about anti-bacterial, anti-convulsant, and anti-inflammatory effects.
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● Cannabigerol or CBG:
This is one of the most amazing compounds found in cannabis or hemp plant extractions. This compounds acid form, known as CBGA, or Cannabigerolic Acid, is the precursor to THCA CBDA and many other Phytocannabinoids. It is said to have various analgesic and anti-depressant properties and is a strong bacterial agent.
Blending gives benefits
Due to various tests and results, it has been deemed that the effects of the compounds have resulted in increasing when blended with then another compound. The Full Spectrum strains of the substance have shown more effective results on experiments done on mice rather than CBD isolates. This can enable researchers to conclude that blending of other compounds from the hemp plant extracts enables more effective results along with strains of CBD.
There is a wide spectrum of benefits that can be garnered by blending strains. Various reports and results of experiments also claim that full-spectrum is the most efficient of the three variants due to its blend. It has also been observed via experiments that the compounds in the substance work better following each other rather than individually. This enables them to provide the entourage effect.
The cannabinoid industry is one such industry that is the most understudied in the world. Due to a lack of detailed research and experimented results and data, the true potential of the chemical compounds in the substance is still unavailable. With the small results obtained, this substance has shown a lack of side effects, making it a popular choice of medication with prolonged chronic pain disorders. Due to the various stimulants in the substance, it helps in concentration and calming the nerves. With an ever-changing list of benefits, cannabinoids are still the most potent substance in recent times. With various Federal and State Laws becoming more lenient, the future looks bright for all forms and cannabinoids.